Jul 31, PDF | On Jan 1, , John L. Capinera and others published Pepper Weevil, Anthonomus eugenii Cano (Insecta: Coleoptera. Summary. Anthonomus eugenii Cano (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) was observed for the first time in Italy and the Mediterranean Region attacking sweet pepper. The pepper weevil (Anthonomus eugenii) feeds and lays eggs on the genus Capsicum and a few species of Solanum (Solanaceae). It is an important pest of .
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Traps should be placed 10 to 60 cm above the soil; one sq cm trap captures as many weevils as are detected by inspecting 50 buds Riley and Schuster Host plant resistance on pepper to the pepper weevil, Anthonomus eugenii Cano.
Pepper weevil larvae develop only plants in the family Solanaceae. The anthonmous for third instar development time contains a prepupal period of about 4.
They are oval in shape and measure 0. Pepper weevil populations persist only where food plants are available throughout the year, largely limiting its economic pest status to the southernmost state in the USA. Larval feeding within the mature pod is another important form of damage, causing the core to become brown, and often moldy.
Adult is shown to the left.
Anthonomus eugenii (ANTHEU)[Overview]| EPPO Global Database
This is in sharp contrast to the shiny black A. Anthonomus eugenii Cano Insecta: Life Cycle and Description Back to Top A complete generation requires 20 to 30 days, depending on weather. The mean incubation period is 4. The female creates an egg cavity with her mouthparts before depositing the egg, and seals the puncture containing the egg with a light brown fluid that hardens and darkens.
Department of Agriculture Technical Bulletin If visual monitoring is preferred, terminal bud sampling is effective, although more beetles are present in the morning than evening Riley et al. It is now found across the southernmost United States from Florida to California. Pepper weevil was first found in the United States in Texas, inreaching California in and Florida in Adult pepper weevil, Anthonomus eugenii Cano.
Larvae are aggressive, with only a single larva surviving within a bud, though more than one can occur within larger fruit. In central Florida, adults are common from March until June, reflecting the availability of peppers, but a few can be found throughout the year except in December and January.
EPPO Global Database
The pupa resembles the adult in form, except that the wings are not fully developed antonomus large setae are found on the prothorax and abdomen. A sequential sampling protocol was developed by Segarra-Carmona and Pantoja b. Pepper weevil adult response to colored sticky traps in pepper fields.
The color is dark mahogany to nearly black. Management Back to Top Sampling. Pepper drop in the field; a common sign of infestation by the pepper weevil, Anthonomus eugenii Cano.
Pteromalidae and Bracon mellitor Say Hymenoptera: Photograph by David Riley, University of Georgia; www. An action threshold for management of the pepper weevil Coleoptera: It can be a serious pest where it occurs.
Rodiguez, University of Florida. Larva of the Cuban pepper weevil, Faustinus cubae Boheman.
The appearance of adults is distinct, however, with the body of the Faustinus cubae weevil bearing numerous rough or raised areas, and a considerable amount of brown coloration. Parasitoids of pepper weevil include Catolaccus hunteri Crawford Hymenoptera: Anthoomus distribution of weevils is aggregated. Several species of nightshade support pepper weevil, particularly black nightshade, Solanum nigrumbut also silverleaf nightshade, Solanum elaeagnifolium ; horsenettle, Solanum carolinense ; buffalo bur, Solanum rostratum ; and Jerusalem cherry, Solanum pseudocapsicum.
Segarra-Carmona and Pantoja b estimated that economic damage commences with adult populations of 0. The most complete treatment anthonkmus pepper weevil biology is given by Elmore et al.
Sanitation can be important, if it can be implemented on an appropriate scale. Fruit drop is very common, and is perhaps the most obvious sign of infestation.