ANTIASTHMATIC DRUGS CLASSIFICATION PDF

These drugs are used for the treatment of asthma. They may be useful either in the treatment or prevention of asthma attacks. Antiasthmatic drugs are medicines that treat or prevent asthma attacks. of the newer corticosteroids may minimize the adverse effects of this class of drugs. WebMD explains common asthma treatments that can keep you breathing easy.

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By Mayo Clinic Staff. Systemic corticosteroids Fragile bones High blood pressure Diabetes Weight gain Cataracts and glaucoma Thinning of the skin Easy bruising Muscle weakness Initial growth velocity may be reduced in children with systemic corticosteroid therapy A potential for paradoxical bronchospasm b. The Harriet Lane Handbook15th ed. You can take these using either an inhaler or a nebulizer.

Side effects Inhalant forms of antiasthmatic drugs may cause dryness or irritation in the throat, dry mouth, or an unpleasant taste in the mouth.

Treatment of moderate persistent asthma in adolescents and adults. General use All three types of drugs may be used in combination with each other.

They’re used on calssification regular schedule to control moderate to severe asthma and to prevent nighttime symptoms. Omalizumab is given by injection every two to four weeks.

Category:Antiasthmatic drugs – Wikipedia

You may be prescribed more than one medication for treating asthma, make sure that you are aware of the purpose and usage of each preparation and consult your doctor if you have any doubts. However, parents whose children have unusual or bothersome symptoms after taking an antiasthmatic drug should get in touch with the child’s physician.

Examples of leukotriene inhibitors include montelukast and zafirlukast. The downside is that the machines need a power source and are less portable than inhalers. Should be used with caution in patients with heart failure, hepatic impairment and viral infections Should also be used with caution in the elderly, smokers and alcoholics Should avoid the concurrent use of intravenous and other routes of administration of xanthines.

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However, these problems are much less likely with the inhalant forms than with the oral and injected forms. Legal Conditions and Terms Any use of this site constitutes your agreement to the Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy linked below. Common side effects and Precautions. They work by targeting the two main symptoms of asthma.

Asthma medications: Know your options – Mayo Clinic

Leukotriene inhibitors Abdominal pain Thirst Headache Hyperkinesia in young children Should not be used for the treatment of acute asthma attacks Caution antiaathmatic pregnancy and breastfeeding 5. Short-acting beta agonists such as albuterol Srugs Atrovent Oral and intravenous corticosteroids for serious asthma attacks. Peters S, et al. Inhalant forms of antiasthmatic drugs may cause dryness or irritation in the throat, dry mouth, or an unpleasant taste in the mouth.

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Drugs for treating asthma are divided into two categories: Examples of these drugs include:. Cromolyn is a common but not invariable first choice for children who have asthma. The shorts acting beta 2-agonists classifjcation used for the relief of acute symptoms whereas long acting beta 2-agonists are used on a regular basis, concomitantly with inhaled corticoids, for long-term control of symptoms. Quick-relief medications are also called rescue therapy. Mayo Clinic does not endorse any of the third party products and services advertised.

Know when to adjust your medications, when to see your doctor and how to recognize an asthma emergency.

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Antiasthmatic drugs

Fine tremor particularly in classsification hands Nervous tension Headache Muscle cramps Palpitation. Humidity and Asthma Humidity can affect asthma and ultimately worsen or trigger symptoms.

In fact, OTC asthma medications are generally discouraged. Also read article about Antiasthmatic Drugs from Wikipedia. They reduce swelling and tightening in your airways. They are available in the forms of inhalations, tablets, capsules and injections, etc.

There are several types of long-term control medications, including the following. These handheld devices are used to pump medicine into your lungs. Rinse mouth after use of corticosteroid inhalers.

It traps the medicine inside the spacer, so you don’t have to worry about pressing the inhaler and breathing in at exactly the same time.

See your doctor right away if you have any unusual reactions. The more common side effects of these drugs include headache and muscle pain. Combinations available in the United States include:. The treatment of bronchial inflammation is required in mild to severe persistent asthma. Reprint Permissions A single copy of these materials classificattion be reprinted for noncommercial personal use only. Inhaled corticoids are the main anti-inflammatory drugs.

[Anti-asthma drugs].

You can also use a spacer with an MDI inhaler to make it easier to use. Interactions should be reviewed on an individual basis. Inform your doctor of the medicines you are taking, and of any diseases you are suffering as these may warrant special precautions to the use of anti-asthmatic drugs.

A single copy of these materials may be reprinted for noncommercial personal use only.