Events leading up to Casti Connubii – The encyclical addresses the issues of contraception, divorce, and eugenics — here a history of events leading up to the . The doctrine of the Church on marriage was affirmed as definitive and binding by Pope Pius XI in his encyclical Casti Connubii of December Reading the signs of their times, Pope Pius XI in Casti connubii (December 31, ) and Pope Paul VI in Humanae vitae (July 25, ) both address the.
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The faithful, therefore, can and ought to be assisted also by natural means. The cnnubii tradition of the Church, articulated by Pius and Paul in their encyclical letters, recognizes that the God-given rights and enormous responsibilities of the family are demanding. Provision must be made also, in the case of those who are not self-supporting, for joint aid by private or public guilds.
For now, alas, not secretly nor under cover, but openly, with all sense of shame put aside, now by word again by writings, by theatrical productions of every kind, by romantic fiction, by amorous and frivolous novels, by cinematographs portraying in vivid scene, in cxsti broadcast by radio telephony, in short connubil all the inventions of modern science, the sanctity of marriage is trampled upon and derided; divorce, adultery, all the basest vices either are extolled or at least are depicted in such colors as to appear to be free of all reproach and infamy.
From this it is clear that legitimately constituted authority has the right and therefore the duty to restrict, to prevent, and to punish those base unions which are opposed to reason and to nature; but since it is a matter which flows from human nature itself, no less certain is the teaching of Our predecessor, Leo XIII of happy memory: For God hath not given us the spirit of fear; but of power, and of love, and of cobnubii.
Some confidently assert that they have found no evidence of the existence of matrimony in nature or in her laws, but regard it merely as the means of producing life and of gratifying in one way or another a vehement impulse; on the other hand, others recognize that certain beginnings or, as it were, seeds of true wedlock are found in the nature of man since, unless men were bound together by some form of permanent tie, the dignity of husband and wife or the natural end of propagating and rearing the offspring would not receive satisfactory provision.
There are those, moreover, who ask that the public authorities provide aid connuvii these death-dealing operations, a thing, which, sad to say, everyone knows is of very frequent occurrence in some places. We admonish, therefore, priests who hear confessions and others who have the care of souls, in virtue of Our supreme authority and in Our solicitude for the salvation of souls, not to allow the faithful entrusted to them to err regarding casri most grave law of God; much more, that they keep themselves immune from such false opinions, in no way conniving in them.
And now considering that the third blessing, which is that of the sacrament, far surpasses the other two, we should not be surprised to find that this, because of its outstanding excellence, is catsi more sharply attacked by the same people. By this same love it is xasti that all the other rights and duties of the marriage state be regulated as the words of the Apostle: Care, however, must be taken that the parties themselves, for a considerable time before entering upon married life, should strive cast dispose of, or at least to diminish, the material obstacles in their way.
Moreover, the dignity of both man and wife is maintained and mutual aid is most satisfactorily assured, while through the indissoluble bond, always enduring, the spouses are warned continuously that not for the sake of perishable things nor that they may serve their passions, but that they may procure one for the other high and lasting good have they entered into the nuptial partnership, to be dissolved only by death.
Thus will they be able to bring up their children as perfect men and perfect Christians; vonnubii will instill into them a sound understanding of the Catholic Church, and will give them such a disposition and love for their fatherland as duty cnnubii gratitude demand.
The doctrines defended in these are offered for sale as the productions of modern genius, of that genius namely, which, anxious only for truth, is considered to have emancipated itself from all those old-fashioned and immature opinions of the ancients; and to the number of these antiquated opinions they relegate the traditional doctrine of Christian marriage.
Every sin committed as regards the offspring becomes in some way a sin against conjugal faith, since both these blessings are essentially connected. Prior to this encyclical, it was believed by some Catholics that the only licit caxti for sexual intercourse was an attempt to create children.
Paul writes that marriage “is in reality the wise and provident institution of Castti the Creator, whose purpose was to effect in man His loving design.
Arcanum divinae sapientiae 10 Febr. Nor did Christ Our Lord wish only to condemn any form of polygamy or polyandry, as they are called, whether successive or simultaneous, and every other external dishonorable act, but, in order that the sacred bonds of marriage may be guarded absolutely inviolate, He forbade also even willful thoughts and desires of such like things: Thus amongst the blessings of marriage, the child holds the first place.
If, however, for this purpose, private resources do not suffice, it is the duty of the public authority to supply for the insufficient forces of individual effort, particularly in a matter which is of such importance to the common weal, touching as it does the maintenance of the family and married people. As to the “medical and therapeutic cast to which, using their own words, we have made reference, Venerable Brethren, cinnubii much we may pity the mother whose health and even life is gravely imperiled connubiii the performance of the duty allotted to her by nature, nevertheless what could ever be a sufficient reason for excusing in any way the direct murder of the innocent?
Paul conjubii that the Church cannot connubio the duty imposed on her of proclaiming humbly but firmly the entire moral law, both natural and evangelical. Some wish it to be allowed and left to the will of the father or the mother; others say it is unlawful unless there are weighty reasons which they call by the name of medical, social, or eugenic “indication.
To conclude with the important words of Leo XIII, since the destruction of family life “and the loss of national wealth is brought about more by the corruption of morals than by anything else, it is easily seen that divorce, which is born of the perverted morals of a people, and leads, as experiment shows, to vicious habits in public and private life, vasti particularly opposed to the well-being of the family and of the State.
The ‘natural reasons of time’ is interpreted by some to also mean the infertile portion of a casgi menstrual cycle.
The family is entitled to the support of society and the state CC, nos. But no reason, however grave, may be put forward by which anything intrinsically against nature may become conformable to nature and morally good. But another very grave crime is to be noted, Venerable Brethren, which regards the taking of the life of the cnonubii hidden in the mother’s womb.
Csati if ever they should feel themselves to be overburdened by the comnubii of their condition of life, let them not lose courage, but rather let them regard in some measure as addressed to them that which St. Many and varied are the grounds put forward for divorce, some arising from the wickedness and the guilt of vonnubii persons concerned, others arising from the circumstances of the case; the former they describe as subjective, the latter as objective; in a word, whatever might make married life hard or unpleasant.
On the contrary, they are bound to ensure that what they do corresponds to the will of God the Creator. In such a case, there is no sin, provided that, mindful of the law of charity, he or she does not neglect to seek to dissuade and to deter the partner from sin.
Evil is not to be done that good may come of it. It also took a strong stand against forced sterilizations. For as it is, there are those who think that whatever is permitted by the laws of the State, or at least is not punished by them, is allowed also in the moral order, and, because they neither fear God nor see any reason to fear the laws of man, they act even against their conscience, thus often bringing ruin upon themselves and upon many others.
Hence this sacrament not only increases sanctifying grace, the permanent principle of the supernatural life, in those who, as the expression is, place no obstacle obex in its way, but also adds particular gifts, dispositions, seeds of grace, by elevating vonnubii perfecting the natural powers.
For there are some who over solicitous for the cause of eugenics, not only give salutary counsel for more certainly procuring the strength and health of the future child – which, indeed, is not contrary to right reason – but put eugenics before aims of a higher order, and by public authority wish to prevent from marrying all those whom, even though naturally fit for marriage, they consider, according to the norms and conjectures of their investigations, would, through hereditary transmission, bring forth defective offspring.
When these means which We have pointed out do not fulfill the needs, particularly of a larger or poorer family, Christian charity towards our neighbor absolutely demands that those things which are lacking to the needy should be provided; hence it is incumbent on the rich to help the poor, so that, having an abundance of this world’s goods, they may not expend them fruitlessly or completely squander them, but employ them for the support and well-being of those who lack castj necessities of life.
When we consider the great excellence of chaste wedlock, Venerable Brethren, it appears all the more regrettable that particularly in our day we should witness this divine institution often scorned and on every side degraded. In matrimony, husband and wife are joined together so closely as to become “one flesh” Matt. Casti connubii also reaffirms the dignity of the human conjugal act as distinct from the conjugal acts of animals, by its volitive nature; that is, the act is not merely biological but rooted in the will and therefore a personal act.
Dasti is asserted in favor of the social and eugenic “indication” may and must be accepted, provided lawful and upright methods are employed within the proper limits; but to wish to put forward reasons based upon them for the killing of the innocent is unthinkable and contrary to the divine precept promulgated in the words of the Apostle: So, Connuboi Brethren, we make entirely Our own the words which Our predecessor of happy memory, Leo XIII, in his encyclical letter on Christian marriage addressed to the bishops of the whole world: Augustine De Genesi ad litteram, bk.
Who is not filled with the greatest admiration when he sees a mother risking her life with heroic fortitude, that she may preserve the life of the offspring which she has conceived?
Others say that they cannot on the one hand remain continent nor on the other can they have children because of the difficulties whether on the part of the mother or on the part of family circumstances.
Now since it is no rare thing to find that the perfect observance of God’s commands and conjugal integrity encounter difficulties by reason of the fact that the man and wife are in straitened circumstances, connubji necessities must be relieved as far as possible.
Casti Connubii (On Christian Marriage)
And our delinquency in honoring the procreative gift of God threatens the very survival of our species. Here we have at a very opportune moment czsti source of help by which both parties are enabled to preserve their purity and loyalty; there we find harmful inducements to unfaithfulness.
The burden carried by individual families in the rearing and education of children is, in the end, the only means by which society and the state have any future in this world. They then add that the marriage contract is to be freed from any indissoluble bond, and that separation and cknnubii are not only to be tolerated but sanctioned by the law; from which it follows finally that, robbed of all its holiness, matrimony should be enumerated amongst the secular and civil institutions.
Onan, the son of Judah, did this and the Lord killed him for it” De adulterinis conjugiis, bk. He cited Thomas Aquinas, saying.