Ecological sanitation, commonly abbreviated as ecosan is an approach to sanitation provision For this reason, the term “ecosan toilet” is widely used when people mean a UDDT. However, the ecosan concept should not be limited to one. Introduction: The ECOSAN Toilet is a waterless, dehydration / evaporation system that provides a safe, non-polluting and cost effective solution for areas where. The technical manual for constructing EcoSan toilet was a team effort. We want to take this opportunity to extend our sincere thanks to all the people who made.

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Using the EcoSan toilet – Resources • SuSanA

Illustration WEDC As for other types of latrine see Fact Sheet Goilets “Latrines-General points” one or two pits are required but in this case above ground and with a smaller volume filling time often less than a yearwhich accounts for their commonly being referred to as compartments, which makes it easier to empty them and avoids the pollution of ground water. Right from the start, the first proponents of ecosan systems had a strong focus on increasing agricultural productivity via the reuse of excreta as fertilizers and thus improving the nutritional status of the people at the same time as providing them with safe sanitation.

The term “productive sanitation” has also been in use since about Anthropization Anti-consumerism Earth Overshoot Day Ecological footprint Ethical Over-consumption Simple living Sustainability advertising Eclsan brand Sustainability marketing myopia Sustainable Systemic change resistance Tragedy goilets the commons. During the s, when the term ecosan was something new, discussions were heated and confrontational. By considering a much larger range of options, optimal and economic solutions can be developed for each particular situation.

Ecosan Australia Are you from Australia and need more information? Governance of water and sanitation services Participative Community management.

Historical descriptions about these practices are sparse, but it is known that excreta reuse was practiced widely in Asia for example in China, Japan, Vietnam, Cambodia, Korea but also in Central and South America. Sanitation Sewerage Environmental engineering Urban agriculture. It contains information about news, events, new partners, projects, discussions and publications of the SuSanA network.

The term “ecosan” was first used in and the first project started in Ethiopia, by an NGO called Sudea. For this reason, the term “ecosan toilet” is widely used when people mean a UDDT.

A10 – ECOSAN ecological compost latrines with urine separation

Register ecodan an individual member of SuSanA free of charge. It is a dry sanitation system that does not require any water to function. The statement in the ecosa of ecosan to “safely recycle” includes hygienic, microbial and chemical aspects. The regular operating and maintenance costs of sanitation systems such as bucket latrines, septic tanks, chemical and waterbourne toilets are very high. However, the publication of the WHO Guidelines on Reuse, with its multiple barrier concept, has gone a long way in establishing a common framework for safe reuse.


Since then the ecosan theme has been integrated into other WASH conferences, and separate large ecosan conferences have no longer been organised.

Ecological sanitation

Views Read Edit View history. From Wikipedia, the toilsts encyclopedia. Water Science and Technology: Catalogue, in English but also very well illustrated with drawings, of the existing types of low cost latrines, pits, slabs and superstructures, available at: Recovery of nutrients from excreta in non-sewered sanitation systems was addressing the sanitation problems in settlements in Europe and elsewhere and was contributing to securing agricultural productivity.

The price varies quite significantly according to the model, the materials used and the country.

One example of this practice has been documented for the Aztec city of Tenochtitlan which was founded in and was one of the last cities of pre-Hispanic Mexico conquered in by the Spanish: The particularity of ECOSAN latrines is that this slab is specially designed to allow faeces and urine to be collected and evacuated separately below it.

If you tick two options within one filter parameter, then this is treated as an “or” search, meaning either of them toilete be true. Ecosan supporters criticised conventional sanitation for contaminating waterways with nutrients and pathogens. Indeed, while their price may seem high, it can be favourably compared to other latrines, and can be offset by savings or sale of compost and thus reduced, but with the drawback, however, of requiring more maintenance and handling.

How to choose them A6 toioets Simple dry non-ventilated pit latrines A7 – Alternatives of these single-pit latrines and twin pit latrines A8 – Dry self-ventilated improved pit latrines VIPsimple or twin pit A9 – ECOSAN ecological compost latrines A11 – Biological latrines with family-size biogaz reactors combined with small farms A12 – More modern latrines, with siphon and manual or mechanical flush A13 – Latrines and sanitary units for schools and communities. The Aztecs recognized the importance of recycling nutrients and compounds contained in wastewater.

Social or solidarity pricing Price of water Innovating methods and others. Places or contexts in which this means appears to be the best suited – These latrines are well suited to rural or suburban areasbut are now also used in towns.


The yoilets of odorous animal manure in agriculture has continued through to this day, probably because the odour of manure was not thought to contribute to human illnesses.

Our 13 working groups cover a variety of different sanitation themes.

The population placed the sweepings in special boats moored at docks around the city. Here you will find more information on the following: In other projects Wikimedia Commons. EcoSan toilets UDDTs are the modern way to save resources and recycle waste, for a cleaner and healthier environment.

Illustrated summary fact sheet on the various types of ecological toilets: In fact, ecosan systems can be “unsustainable”, for example, if there is too little user acceptance or if the costs of the system are too high for a given target group of users, making the system financially unsustainable ecsoan the longer term. For this purpose, and for the construction of other items of the latrine, reference can be made to the excellentextensively illustrated CREPA guide “Composting Latrines” indicated at the end of this fact sheet and pages 50 to 61 in particular including the photo above on how to start to make a seat.

Peter Morgan is renowned as one of the leading creators and proponents of ecological sanitation solutions, which enable the safe reuse of human excreta to enhance soil quality and crop production.

In Peru, the Incas had a high regard for excreta as a fertilizer, which was stored, dried and pulverized to be utilized when planting maize. Impacts on Yield Quality”. In the Middle Ages, the use of excreta and greywater in agricultural production was the norm. Ok I’ve got it. If, for more comfort, this separation is done with a seat, a simple plastic bucket can be used – first by cutting the bottom out of scosan bucket and gluing half of it at the bucket mid-height, at an angle tooilets as to form a urine receptacle, and making a hole in it with a with a hot iron and attaching an evacuation tube to it, – by surrounding the bucket with wire before covering it with concrete to solidify it, – by making a seat top or a lid and connecting the assembly to the pits and to the urine container.