Title, Las estructuras elementales del parentesco. Volumes of Obras maestras del pensamiento contemporáneo. Author, Claude Lévi-Strauss. Publisher. Get this from a library! Las estructuras elementales del parentesco. [Claude Levi- STRAUSS; Mario Eskenazi]. Las estructuras elementales del parentesco / The Elementary Structures of Kinship (Spanish Edition) [Claude Levi-Strauss] on *FREE* shipping.
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This sequence triggers a set of self-defense or self-destruction reactions, depending on the care and protection these victims receive. Pediatricians elementsles be aware that when they treat a child or adolescent presenting elementalew of the signs previously mentioned or when they suspect of sexual abuse, even through apparently unfounded complaints made by a suffering child, these victims seek in them the hope to break the pact of silence that involves the incestuous family and the surrounding environment.
Pediatricians should not forget that they are treating an extremely emotionally elementsles child, who is confused, feeling humiliated, ashamed, guilty, afraid and helpless. Rio Grande do Sul Brasil.
At estructurae age and in adolescence, shame, guilt and feeling of unprotectedness or complicity with other legal guardians, combined with incomplete development of moral values to a greater or lesser extent, depending on the family environment and on bonds of affectionin addition to the difficulty or impossibility to have a dialog with parents or legal guardians who are not directly involved in the abuse, turn underreporting into a commonplace situation.
Claude Levi Strauss
The major problem faced by pediatricians and by protective agencies is the confirmation of sexual abuse in the absence of physical evidence. Its actual prevalence rate is unknown, since many children hide the fact that they were abused, and can only talk about the subject in their adult life. These principles are conveyed in different ways e.
In several cases, nonexistent or inconclusive forensic reports do not allow apportioning the blame on the offender and protecting the victim, who often shares the same household with the offender, depending on him, and suffering more violence after reporting of the abuse, due to impunity. Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul; In this case, the child or adolescent is induced or convinced to accuse one parent, in couple’s fights, as a way to keep that parent from having the custody of the son or daughter, or as a form of revenge.
Medical evaluation of suspected child sexual abuse. At preschool age, immature cognitive development, poor perception of the world, combined with speech difficulties, affect the understanding of facts, and consequently, the reporting, follow-up and assessment of abuse cases. Sexual abuse should be considered a predisposing factor for later symptoms such as phobias, anxiety and depression, and dissociative identity disorder, also known as multiple personality disorder, with the possibility of self-destructive and suicidal behaviors.
In1, were victims of violence, 1, Pediatricians should not forget that they are treating an extremely emotionally broken child, who is confused, feeling humiliated, ashamed, guilty, afraid and helpless.
One should bear in mind that all types of sexual abuse may lead to developmental imbalance in children and adolescents and that the lack of diagnosis of vaginal penetration which characterizes rape should not be minimized, or given a milder connotation. The general signs are less drastic but not less severe.
Usually, initial sexual abuse as a form of domestic violence occurs insidiously and progressively, and the offender uses different strategies for approaching, intimidating, and even threatening the victim, but these strategies are not always accompanied parenntesco physical assault. Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul; Strategies such as playing with shrauss or puppets or role-playing the parent-child relationship may indicate some signs or symptoms.
Current view of sexual abuse in childhood and adolescence
Anyway, they are well documented in the publication by the Brazilian Society of Pediatrics. Services on Demand Journal. The consequences of sexual abuse of children and adolescents may be characterized by signs and symptoms that originate from psychological injury to which the victims are subjected, such as permanent sadness, prostration, daytime drowsiness, exaggerated fear of adults usually of those of the same sex as the offenderhistory of escaping, age-inappropriate sexual behavior, frequent and uncontrolled masturbation, tics or manias, enuresis or encopresis and low self-esteem.
As part of a family disease, in order for reporting of the sexual abuse to occur, it is necessary that the domestic estrhcturas be broken, in a relationship distortion parebtesco as incestuous family. Briere J, Elliott D.
The data from the Network for the Protection of Children and Adolescents, Curitiba, show that among reports of sexual violence investigated in Persistent cookies are stored on your hard disk and have a pre-defined expiry date. Sexual abuse, sexual violence, incest, childhood and adolescence. The possibility of false reporting should also be raised. In1, were victims of violence, 1, The most important sexually transmitted estrucguras are elemmentales following: Prevalence and psychological sequelae of self-reported childhood physical and sexual abuse in a general population sample of men and women.
J Pediatr Health Care. Through this different approach that consists in observing details and listening to unspoken complaints, followed by the implementation of all necessary protective measures, new and good paths may be created for these children and adolescents.
This sequence triggers a set of self-defense or self-destruction reactions, depending on the care and protection these victims receive. Pediatricians are usually the estrructuras health professional that is sought when one or both parents or any other family member are concerned with the possibility of sexual abuse.
At all times, the strongest always ruled over the weakest in different social strata, including different forms of power political, government, social and family. Anal or urethral estrhcturas, or perforated hymen, indicate sexual abuse, but these signs are not always evident within normality thresholds, often requiring a careful examination by forensic experts.
One should bear in mind that all types of sexual abuse may lead to developmental imbalance in children and adolescents and that the lack of diagnosis of vaginal penetration which characterizes rape should not be minimized, or given a milder connotation.
The related risks should be assessed in each case and also the necessity for prophylaxis against hepatitis B, pharmacological protection against nonviral STDs, chemoprophylaxis for HIV infection and, in female victims of reproductive age, emergency contraceptive administration. Sexual abuse of children under 12 years of age: As a matter of fact, unlike this form of violence whose diagnosis is based on observed consequences, sexual abuse is often defined by indirect signs of psychological abuse, together with the facts reported by the victim or by a closely-related adult.
The few cases that are reported to supposedly protective agencies end up as inconclusive forensic examinations or as lewd acts without physical evidence or without confirmation by current criteria of the Brazilian penal code.