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A national identification numbernational identity numberor national insurance number is used by the governments of many countries as a means of tracking their citizenspermanent residentsand temporary residents for the purposes of work, taxation, government benefitshealth care, and other ik functions.
The number appears on identity documents issued by several of the countries. The ways in which such a system is implemented vary among countries, but in most cases citizens are issued an identification number upon reaching legal age, or when they are born.
Mhrc may be issued such numbers when they enter the country, or when granted a temporary or permanent residence permit.
National identification number — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2
Many countries issued such numbers for a singular purpose, but over time, they become a de facto formms identification number. However, due to function creepthe number has become used uj other purposes to the point where it is almost essential to have one to, among other things, open a bank account, obtain hmrx credit card, or drive a car. Although some countries are required to collect Taxpayer Identification Number TIN information for overseas payment procedures, some countries, like the US, are not required to collect other nations’ TIN if other requirements are met, such as date of birth.
In countries where there is no established nationwide number, authorities need to create their own number for each person, though there is a risk of mismatching people.
The ID number is already allocated at the time the birth certificate is generated and required for child passport applications. This passport-size document contains only 8 pages – the first page containing the national identification number also in barcoded formatname of bearer, district or country of birth, as well as a photograph of the bearer. The other pages are used for recording of voting participation, a page for driver’s license information although it is no longer used since the introduction of plastic card type licensesas well as pages for fire arms licenses also plastic card type now.
The document is required to apply for a passport, car learner’s license over 17motorcycle learner’s license over 16driving license over 18motorcycle license over 16 or 18 depending on cc and to vote over The Identity Document is not used for international travel purposes a separate passport is issued but usually is acceptable photographic identification for internal flights, and mainly serves as proof of identification.
Some authorities may accept the driver’s license as proof of identity, but the Identity Document is the only universally accepted form of identification. The government has started issuing ID cards which contains a biometric chip which, in turn, holds biographical information which is unique to the holder of that specific card. A South African person identification number is a digit number containing only numeric characters, and no whitespace, punctuation, or alpha characters. The ID indicates that a male citizen was born on 1 January ; he was the 10th male to be registered assuming that the first male to be registered on that day would be assigned the sequence number The checksum digit is calculated using the Luhn algorithm: During the apartheid era the next to last digit, “A”, denoted “race”.
Since these documents were not then issued to the majority population, the “race” code does not include those classified as Black. After aboutthe racial classification was eliminated, and all existing numbers were reissued with new digits in the last two fields AZ. In contrast to other countries the South African ID number is not unique, at least because of the use of a two-digit year.
Other issues with duplications exist: Upon reaching the age of 16 the applicant then has to go to the registrar generals offices in their district to obtain a national ID. Foreigners in Zimbabwe have their ID number with the district of origin as 00 meaning they are foreigners so their ID number would look like 12 A Zimbabweans who are not of black race also get a district of origin shown as 00, even those who are of mixed race.
It is a number not related to anything in particular about the person except for immigrants who get assigned numbers starting at 92, It is assigned at birth by the Registro Nacional de las Personas National Registry for Peoplebut parents need to sign up their children, and because of this there are some people, especially the poor, who do not have a DNI.
The ID is required for applying for credit, opening a bank account, and for voting. Law requires a person to show his or her DNI when using a credit card. This was later unified in the DNI. An example of the ID is It is based on the DNI and appends 2 numbers at the beginning and one at the end. For example, 20 and 23 for men, 27 for women, and one control digit at the end.
The first two digits to identify the CUIT for companies are for instance: In Brazil there are two systems. Although the ID cards are supposedly national, the RG numbers are assigned by the states and a few other organizations, such as the armed forces. So, not only is it possible for a person to have the same RG number as a person from other state which is usually dealt with by specifying the state which issued the ID cardbut it is also possible to legally have more than one RG, from different states.
One, the other or both numbers are required for many common tasks in Brazil, such as opening a bank account or getting a driver’s license. The RG system is more widespread, but its shortcomings have led to debate about merging both systems into a new one, which would be based around the CPF. Another type of registration is the Social Security Number, which is originated when a person creates one in the National Social Security Institute’s site  or starts to work for a company, when this one has to register the employee in the Social Integration Program.
There is another number for elections, which are mandatory participation for citizens from 18 to 70 years old.
The SIN must be guarded as confidential personal information, and therefore cannot be used as a general ID number. The main difference between them is that RUN is only assigned to natural persons, while juristic persons can only get a RUT number. It is also commonly used as a customer number in banks, retailers, insurance companies, airlines, etc.
Until the end of Augustthe RUN was also used as the passport number.
After this date, Chilean passports have had unique numbers. Since well beforeevery baby born is given a RUN number; previously it was assigned at the moment of applying to get the ID card. Non-Chilean residents also get a RUN and an identification card.
Every company or organization also must have a RUT for 11ehc purposes. The RUN or RUT has 7 or 8 digits for people alive today; in the past, there were persons with a 5- goov 6-digit one, but have died off plus a check digit or letter xx. The ID number includes the date of birth and a short serial number. Every Colombian national traveling abroad is issued a passport document which includes a passport number related to the national identification number ; in this manner hmfc governments can track Colombian nationals with their consulates.
There is as well a number assigned to companies: Tributary Identification Number for its Spanish acronym. Among other things, it forrms used for tax reports. There are, however, other important ID numbers in Mexico: In the United Statesa Selective Service Number must be applied for by all male citizens and immigrant non-citizens turning firms Its purpose was to identify individuals for the purposes of Foorms Securitybut it is now also used to track individuals for taxation purposes.
There is no legal requirement to have a SSN if it is not required for Social Security or taxation purposes, but in practice one is required for many other purposes, for example to open a bank account or apply for a driving license, so that nearly all U. The SSN has therefore become a de facto national identification number,  despite the fact that originally it was expressly not for this purpose. The ID card includes date of birth, a correlative number population continuous number for nationals, greater than 80, for foreign-born residentsa photo, marital status, expiration date an expired ID card is still valid for nationalsand a fingerprint.
Newly issued ID cards are valid for 10 years. In Bahrain every citizen and resident 11tc hold an Identification Card Arabic: In general, it has the following format: However, a minority of citizens and residents have Personal Numbers that do not follow that format.
It is possible to obtain a Distinctive Personal Number Arabic: The sequential code is odd for males and even for females. The final character, C, is a checksum value over the first 17 digits. To calculate the checksum, each digit in order is multiplied by jk weight in the ordered set [7 9 10 5 8 4 2 1 6 3 7 9 10 5 8 4 2] and summed together. The sum modulus 11 is used as an index into the ordered set [1 0 X 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2], with the first index being zero.
The indexed value is the checksum digit. 11ehc 15 digit IDs, III is an identification number created through certain mathematical methods the last digit might be an English letter, such as X.
X represents one or two letters of the alphabet. The numerals may represent any Arabic number. A is the check digitwhich has 11 possible values from 0 to 9 and A. The letters form numbers are not assigned arbitrarily. Additionally, one can view the international securities identification numbers organization that helps assign ISIN codes to securities.
UIDAI’s Aadhaar card project  gives each Indian eligible resident a unique 12 digit identification number, along with recording their biometrics such as iris scan and fingerprints on a UIDAI database and the card is being rolled out to all such residents. Though contrary to popular belief Aadhaar is not a proof for citizenship.
The first Aadhaar number was launched in Maharashtra in the village of Tembhlion 29 September Before Aadhaar, the closest India has come to this is the Permanent account torms PANissued by the Income Tax Office, for purposes of gob income and income taxes.
It has gained use firms a means of identification for activities like getting a phone connection.
Self Assessment forms and helpsheets
A total of In Indonesia16 digit number is used as a unique number for each citizens. It is known as Nomor Induk Kependudukan. The number is given to all Indonesian citizen. The number is stated in Indonesian identity card. Add with individual state code as per issue state a unique no of district. Though Indonesia started late, Indonesia National ID program is growing at much rapid pace and assumed to complete earlier than India due to smaller population.
The government started NIDs and digit postal codes in An Identity Number Hebrew: It is composed of nine digits: Blocks of numbers are distributed to hospitals, and individual numbers are issued to babies upon discharge from hospital.
Temporary residents category A-5 are assigned a number when they receive temporary resident status. An Identity Card, Hebrew: Japan’s national identification number system, known within the country as “My Number” Japanese: The number consists of 12 digits, and one is assigned to each resident of Japan, including non-Japanese long-term residents with valid residency permits.
In Kazakhstan there is a digit Individual Identification Number for natural persons abbreviated in Kazakh: