LEOPOLD SZONDI PDF

This test was originally created by Hungarian psychiatrist Leopold Szondi in Szondi believed that it was possible to reveal the dark and repressed. Leopold Szondi is the explorer of genotropism and the familial unconscious. This technique was firstly introduced in the ies of XX century by the Viennese psychologist Leopold Szondi. It was he who in the course of long-term studies.

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Bridge between human and natural sciences.

Szondi Test: Scary Personality Test That Reveal Your Deepest Hidden Self

The book has been on my mind quite a while and shall still be so. Man with his fate therefore is also what he has chosen to be.

I cannot enter further into the profound and sharp witted thoughts of the book in pros and cons. It’s refused to me. Take these lines as a brief sign of my sympathy! Who is Leopold Szondi, who put leolold concept of fate in the centre of szobdi psychology and psychotherapy?

Szondi test – Wikipedia

Four children came from his father’s first marriage. Forced by a precarious livelihood the family moved from Nyitra to Budapest, because their sons and daughters had found work there and so could nourish the family. Father Abraham Sonnenschein was a shoemaker, maker of legs to be exact. He had abandoned his profession quite early. At the bottom of his nature he was a Jewish scholar and he devoted himself to the study of the Torah and the Talmudic and Hasidic scriptures. Szondi was convinced to have become a religious person through his father’s influence.

Szondi test

Her devoted and sacrificing care for the family kept her in the background. His father died the same year. The 18 year old changed his last name Sonnenschein into Szondi. During world war one his studies were frequently leopoldd because of sanitary service in the front line. A bullet penetrated into his knapsack and stayed stuck lleopold the thick book.

Szondi liked to remark that Sigmund Freud so had saved his life. For his bravery Szondi became decorated. In his own words he lost his fear of death in the hell of war.

After his graduation in medicine he was scientific collaborator of Prof. His expansive family researches and hereditary statistical examinations allowed him to develop a new theory about choice of partners and an own psychology of drives.

The anti-Jewish professional ban in made Szondi loose his official occupations as well as his titles in research and teaching. He became isolated, a private scholar without access to any kind of publicity. Jewish colleagues of him were sent to the murderous working-camps behind the fight lines.

In spite of the growing terror against the Jews, Szondi continued to work on his theory of drive psychology. Secretly his pupils and non-Jewish colleagues mimeographed his drive-diagnostic works, which as a Jew, he could no more present in public lectures. The terror of Nazism made itself feel more and more in the everyday life of the Szondi family. The invasion of the Germans put an end to my medical work and my whole activity amounted to nothing more than saving doctors and friends from committing suicide.

The deportations had already begun in the suburbs of Budapest and we quietly awaited our destiny. And that has really happened. Adolf Eichmann too was connected. The voyage took place in livestock transport wagons, into which szondl to eighty persons were squeezed.

Ten of Szondi’s relatives, who had to stay behind, had been victims of the national socialist extermination machinery and persecution in the following months. Negotiations and interventions from abroad made it possible for Szondi and his family to leave for Switzerland together with other persons on December 6th One day later, Szondu 7th, they arrived on Swiss territory.

The report translated in German is accessible under Familienschicksale. From the Szondi’s residence was in Zurich. In Szondi got the Swiss citizenship. Peter Szondi the highly gifted son died November 9th, in Berlin, shortly before taking over the chair for comparative literature at the University of Zurich as successor of Paul de Man. Szondi worked in his institute from He died January 24th in his 93rd year.

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The memorial tablet remembers Leopold Szondithe psychiatrist and founder of fate analysis and of the institute for fate-psychology as well as the specialist for literature Peter Szondi This theory leads to a very different view concerning fate shaping human actions of choice such as choice of partners, friends, profession, disease and even modes of death.

Further work on the theory of choice puts the notion of genotropism into the centre. Szondi understands genotropism as a force emanating from genes, which attracts bearers of same or related hereditary dispositions and sustains their attachment in love and friendship. People who own identical or related genes and who feel mutually attracted are called gene-related. The theory of genotropism can be linked to research interests of psychobiology, a discipline that connects human and natural science.

With Edward Osborne Wilson’s socio-biology in the late seventies only appeared a field of science with horizons making sense to the genotropism hypothesis even outside of depth-psychology.

Szondi understood, just as socio-biology tens of years later did, the life of each particular person in a casual, evolutionary sense: With the publication of his theory of choice Szondi presented a new scientific paradigm, which should herald the development of a new discipline in depth psychology: Szondi considered psychoanalytic intelligence in the dynamics of human choice in love as principally correct but as epiphenomenon to the genotropism that he postulated.

In his written answer Sigmund Freud conceded, though skeptical and with distance as to the subject, some influence although marginal to Szondi’s arguments.

In the letter to Szondi, cited above, Thomas Mann refers to the idea of the choice of parents. In the same way, according to Szondi, genotropic forces decide to which one of our children we as parents and to which parent we as children feel most attracted.

Concerning the question how men or genes respectively were able to recognize gene relatives, Szondi thought that gene relationship shows in facial expression and that gene relatives recognize themselves by their physiognomy. For the test examination persons are invited to lwopold from a total of 48 pictures of persons suffering from drive diseases the two most likeable and the two most dislikeable each.

After many years of research Szondi had arrived at the conviction that facial portraits of men, who show extreme drive dynamics in certain sectors of drives, do have a strong attraction for healthy or ill, gene-related test-persons and so decisively influence the choice of the portraits.

From Szondi, as a private docent, painfully isolated from local university research, developed his drive system and experimental drive diagnostic.

In he differentiated his notion of fate conceived previously in Budapest. The new conception of fate better reflects the bio-psycho-social and mental entirety of man. It opens new access to the understanding of psychotherapeutically relevant phenomenon, such as sleep dream, delusion and forms of transmission based on the need of participation and unity. A person who arrives at least sometimes at the integrative maturity of a Pontifex-Ego is able to bear the constant to and from between psychic poles, and in the end transcends psychic polarities into a balanced unity.

The freedom won and experienced by surmounting the polarities and dualisms is, according to Szondi, the embodiment of fate of freedom and of humanity. Szondi wished to keep together the variety of psychotherapeutic perspectives as a manifestation of the one but polyglot unconscious.

Szondi understood the particular depth-psychological directions as kind of language schools, specialized in a variety of forms of expression and communication of the human soul. The drive scheme is marked by the number of four. One drive has 16, all four drives 64 drive constellations.

According to Szondi, they are the genetically anchored stones of human lsopold plans and forms of existence, which become visualized and interpretable in the drive profiles of experimental drive diagnostic.

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LĂ©opold Szondi – Wikipedia

All factors and tendencies stand in a polar-complementary relation to each szohdi. In and between the four drives a kind of dialectical interaction of drive factors and drive tendencies takes place. Foreground and background belong as aspects inextricably to the psychic entirety. Szondi connects a differentiated system of sorrowful destinies with split offs and blockades of ego functions.

Diagonal splits lead to reciprocal divergence and opposition of drive needs. Mental health results from mutual control and cooperation of drive needs. It unites the four psychiatric hereditary circles of the thirties and forties newly interpreted as fate circles szondu Szondi: Szondi was not only able to integrate the drive theory, psychology of need and the theory of disease elaborated by Freud, but brought in drive psychological differentiations which turned out to be more differentiated and more adequate to therapeutic practice than the drive system of early psychoanalysis.

Accordingly he distinguished libidinous-sexual forms of attachment based on sexual drive besides particular, participatory-merging modes of attachment leoppld to the ego drive in which the desire of unity and congeniality can be lived. Szondi also assigned to a particular contact drive modes of attachment that are marked by demands of acceptation, support, security and nourishment. The four-dimensional drive system of fate analysis orientated to four life areas vectors is the starting point for a differentiated typology of aggressive behavior.

Szondi distinguishes four qualities of human aggression, which are, drive psychologically speaking, to trace back to specific sources of energy:. The affect conditioned, cainitic aggression manifests itself in sudden fits of affective actions, usually followed by phases of repentance. The egoistic aggressiondepreciating everything and everybody, appears in manifold forms of negativism and ideologically motivated destruction.

The aggression caused by frustration and by not being accepted can lead to terrorist and extreme actions of despair and relief by members of suppressed societies. Szondi’s show of reality is marked by the experience that in each complementary pair of opposites polarity the poles are dynamically and inseparably connected, thus forming an entirety.

Therefore it must not be onesidedly aimed at the good and fought the evil, but rather good and evil must be understood as two sides of a unity which to keep in a dynamic balance. To understand human affective dynamics, Szondi attached much importance to the polarity of Cain and Abel. The duty of man to recognize the complementary opposites in him and to live them, finds its symbolic interpretation in the integrating figure of Moses. In the person of Moses the outstanding lekpold achievement of conscience and ethics takes shape through the dialectically combined activity of Cain and Abel.

Only zsondi Szondi appeared szoondi the founder of an own fate analytical psychotherapy. The multi-generation perspective is the central starting point of a fate therapy. It unites also horizontally the still living members of a family. The vertical and horizontal connections create a highly affective network. The fate analysis considers particular man not as isolated individual but as embedded in the visible and invisible context, which accompanies his whole life through his family origin and kin relations.

In Szondi’s multi-generation perspective, entanglements, expectations, merits, faults, loyalties, but also resources and forces that cover generations become visible. According to Szondi, we are responsible for its preservation, development and transmission. An acceptance of this responsibility consciously chosen by the ego gives sense to life, familial identity and solidarity.

Yet if the familial charges and expectations are assumed unconsciously and lived out in blind compulsion, they hinder, even prevent too easily self realization and self development of the particular family member.